Jordan Journal of Applied Science-Humanities Series http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h en-US jjoas-h@asu.edu.jo (JJOAS-H Editorial Board) research1@asu.edu.jo (Bayan Abu Ali) Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Impact of Information Technology in Jordan Food and Drug Administration Performance: The Mediating Role of Knowledge Management Processes http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/654 <p>This study aimed to examine the Impact of Information Technology in terms of (hardware and equipment, software, networks, and human resources) on the Jordan Food and Drug Administration performance based on the balanced scorecard dimensions (learning and growth, internal operations, and customer satisfaction): the mediating role of knowledge management processes. The quantitative descriptive analytical approach was used to achieve the objectives of the study, the study population consisted of the Jordanian Food and Drug Administration with all its (5) branches. The sampling unit encompassed those who are occupying the positions (general manager, directorate/unit director, department head, and division head) totaling (133).For collecting the required data the questionnaire was used, and after the statistical analysis the main results of the study were as follows: There is a statistically significant impact at the level (α ≤ 0.05) of information technology (hardware, software, networks, and human resources) on the performance (learning and growth, internal processes, and customer satisfaction) through knowledge management processes in the Food and Drug Administration. Based on the main results of the study it was recommended to the Jordanian Food and Drug Administration to maintain the effective implementation of information technology.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Information Technology, Organizational performance, Knowledge management process, The Jordan Food and Drug Administration<strong>.</strong></p> Alaa Azzam, Sahar Abu Bakir Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/654 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Description of urbanism in Ibn Farkoun's Poetry http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/708 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study manifests In standing on some of what Ibn Farkoun organized in describing Andalusian architecture During the era of Bani al-Ahmar during the reign of King Yusuf III.</p> <p>The study came in the first section introducing Ibn Farkoun and his literary and poetic production, as for the second section, it came to talk about Andalusian architecture as he described it in his poems. We find it describing palaces, domes and energies, stadiums, and shura councils that were held in the presence of Ibn Farkoun, accompanied by King Yusuf III, And the third section to display the technical characteristics of the poetry of describing urbanism.</p> <p>The study relied on the inductive descriptive method, By extrapolating the poetic pieces from which the description of&nbsp; urbanism Ibn Farkoun’s poetry emerged.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: the description, Urbanism, Ibn Farkoun, Al Andalous</p> Afnan Zalloum, Salah Jarrar Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/708 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Sharia and legal evaluation of the lease-to-own contract as carried out by subsidiaries of conventional banks in Jordan http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/683 <p>This study aimed to clarify the legal ruling of the lease contract ending by representation as carried out by the companies affiliated with the traditional banks. The study touched on the statement of the legal evaluation of the lease-to-own formula, and then to stand on the reality of the financial lease contract, and then the legislation and legal statement for the lease contract ended by representation and corporate law. The study included three sections, where the first topic dealt with: the companies affiliated with traditional banks that deal with Islamic financing formulas, and in the second section: the Shariah ruling for the lease contract ending with ownership, and the third topic dealt with: the legal and legal rulings for the financial lease contract conducted by companies affiliated with conventional banks.</p> <p>The research concluded with a set of results, the most important of which is that it is not permissible for the subsidiaries to charge all maintenance expenses to the lessee, and it is not permissible to rent ending ownership with fixed and variable rent, and from a legal point of view, the affiliated company is not allowed to prevent the lessee from subletting the leased property, and the study recommended the companies that deal with Islamic financing formulas affiliated Conventional banks have the right to appoint a Sharia supervisory board to monitor contracts and the methods of their implementation, and to manage subsidiaries participating in scientific conferences, and to review international experiences and models in this field to extract the results of those applications and benefit from them.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: subsidiaries, lease financing, Sharia assessment, Bani Salman.</p> Mohammad Ameen bani Salman Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/683 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 The extent of the effectiveness of sports activity in centers designated for people with disabilities from the point of view of the directors of the centers http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/763 <p>This study aimed to identify the extent of the effectiveness of sports activity in centers designated for people with disabilities from the point of view of the directors of the centers, according to the variables: gender (male, female), years of experience, and educational qualification. The researchers use the descriptive approach to suit the nature of the objectives of the study. The researchers use the questionnaire as a means of data collection. The questionnaire consists of (26) paragraphs, and the study population consists of (120) principals and directors of centers for people with disabilities in all governorates of the Kingdom. The study sample includes (60) principals and directors of centers for people with disabilities in all governorates of the Kingdom. The study sample has been chosen by random method. To achieve the goal of the study, data are collected through an electronic questionnaire after verifying the validity and reliability of the study. The results of the study showed that there are no statistical differences in the responses of individuals. The study sample on the effectiveness of sports activity in the center designated for people with disabilities according to the variable of gender and the variable of academic qualification, and the presence of statistically significant differences for the variable of experience in favor of 10 years or more. The researchers recommend the importance of educating teachers that the specialization of physical education is no less than other disciplines and take advantage of the experienced and competent people appropriately in developing the physical education class and breaking the regular class in physical education in centers designated for people with disabilities.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: sports activity, centers for people with disabilities, directors of centers.</p> Ra'fat Al'dily , Qutiba Al-Harahsha, Khaled Al-Reqeb, Musa'ab Al-Abdallat, Hamzah Al-Mobiden Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/763 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 The Effectiveness of the Parents and Teachers’ Councils in Irbid Qasbah as Perceived by Supervisors, Principals and Teachers http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/733 <p>This study aimed to identify the degree of effectiveness of parent-teacher councils as perceived by supervisors, principals, and teachers. The descriptive correlative approach was used, and the study sample consisted of (48) supervisors, (116) principals, and (465) teachers, who were chosen by the available method. The results showed that the level of effectiveness of parent-teacher councils in primary schools in the Kasbah of Irbid was high, and the results of the study also showed that there were statistically significant differences between the study members’ estimates of the level of effectiveness of parent-teacher councils in basic schools due to the gender variable in favor of females, the educational qualification variable in favor of bachelor’s holders, the experience variable in favor of those less than 10 years old, and the job title variable among supervisors. Educators and school principals are in favor of school principals, and between educational supervisors and teachers, and in favor of teachers. The difference was not statistically significant between school principals and teachers.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: Parents and Teachers Council, School Principals, Primary Schools.</p> Amal Modardas, Kayed Salameh Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/733 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 The Degree of Faculty Members' Contribution at Yarmouk University in Promoting the Values of Citizenship Among Students considering Digital Transformation http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/731 <p>This study aimed to identify the degree of contribution of faculty members at Yarmouk University in promoting the values ​​of citizenship among students considering the digital transformation. The study aimed further to assess their estimates based on gender, specialization, and academic rank. The study sample consisted of stratified-random (290) faculty members. To accomplish the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was designed which consisted of (35) 3-point Likert scale items, divided into three dimensions (digital security, digital environment, and digital culture). Results revealed that the overall faculty members' estimations of the degree of their contribution was Moderate. Furthermore, the results indicated that there were no significant statistical differences between respondents' means at (α = 0.05) with respect to gender or specialization for all dimensions, except for the field (digital environment) and in favor of the humanities. As for the academic rank, there were no statistically significant differences, except between those with the rank of lecturer and assistant-professor in favor of lecturers in (digital security), in between lecturers and full-professors in favor of lecturers in (digital environment), and in between lecturers and full-professor in favor of lecturers in (digital culture).</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Digital citizenship, Citizenship values, digital transformation, digital environment, digital security.</p> Awni Al-Omari, Nouwar Al-Hamad Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/731 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies of Non-Arabic Speaking Learners and Its Relation to Their Self-Efficacy. http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/732 <p>This study aimed to reveal the metacognitive awareness of reading strategies of non-Arabic speaking learners and its relation of their self-efficacy in learning the skill of reading. A random sample of (81) non-Arabic speaking males and female's learners at the major of Arabic Language and Literature at Yarmouk University-Jordan was chosen<strong>.</strong> To achieve the aims of the study, the researcher used the scale of Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory (MARSI) which was developed by Mokhtari et al (2018). The scale consisted of (15) items distributed to three areas: Global Reading Strategies (GRS), Problem Solving Strategies (PSS), and Supportive Reading Strategies (SRS). The researcher also used the of Self-efficacy which was developed by Demirel and Epçaçan (2011) which consisted of (27) items. The validity and reliability of the tools have been validated. According to the statistical analyses of the research, the outcomes of the study revealed that the degree of Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies of non-Arabic speaking learners is high on all items in the scale; The problem-solving strategies ranked first with a high evaluation score, followed by the Supportive Reading Strategies with a high evaluation score, then the global reading strategies with a moderate evaluation score, The outcomes revealed that the level of appreciation of non-Arabic speaking learners for their self-efficacy in learning the skill of reading was moderate. The outcomes also showed a statistically significant positive correlation between the Metacognitive awareness of reading strategies of non-Arabic speaking learners and self-efficacy in learning the skill of reading. Considering the outcomes of the study, the researcher presents several recommendations.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong><strong>:</strong> Reading skills, Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies, Self-Efficacy, Non-Arabic Speakers.</p> Haneen Jawarneh Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/732 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Organizational Ingenuity and its Relationship to Institutional Excellence Among Government School Principals in Mafraq Governorate http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/743 <p>This study aimed to reveal the organizational ingenuity of government school principals in Mafraq Governorate and their relationship to institutional excellence. The study sample consisted of (350) teachers who were randomly selected. A questionnaire was developed and used for collecting data, after its validity and reliability were confirmed. In its first part, the questionnaire consists of (26) items that measure organizational ingenuity, and the second part consists of (25) items that measure institutional excellence. The results of the study revealed that the degree of availability of organizational ingenuity among government school principals in Mafraq governorate was moderate. There were no statistically significant differences in the means of the study sample’s responses because of the gender variable, however, there were differences because of years of service variable, were in favor of less than ten years. Also, there were statistically significant differences because of the educational qualification variable, came in favor of the bachelor's degree.</p> <p>As for institutional excellence, the results revealed that its level was moderate. There were no statistically significant differences in the means of the study sample’s responses because of the gender and years of service variables, however, there were differences because of the educational qualification variable, came in favor of the bachelor's degree. Finally, the results showed a positive correlation between the degree of availability of the organizational ingenuity and the level of institutional excellence. Considering the study results, the researcher provided a set of recommendations, the most important of which were: The need to work on increasing awareness of the importance of organizational ingenuity and institutional excellence within the school.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong><strong>:</strong> organizational ingenuity, institutional excellence, public schools.</p> Nisreen Al-Sabihat, Muneera Al-Shurman Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/743 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 The reality of creative leadership among public schools’ principals enrolled in the Directorate of Education of the Southern Mazar Brigade from the teachers’ perspective http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/761 <p>This study aimed to identify the reality of creative leadership among public school principals in the Directorate of&nbsp;Education&nbsp;of the Southern&nbsp;Mazar Brigade from the teachers' perspective. Through employing the descriptive survey approach, the researcher utilized a self-developed questionnaire as the main research instrument to collect the intended data. Besides, the validity and the reliability of the questionnaire were tested and verified. The sample of the study, which was selected using the convenience sampling strategy, has consisted of (76) male and female teachers who are enrolled at teaching positions in the Directorate of&nbsp;Education&nbsp;of the Southern&nbsp;Mazar Brigade’s public schools. The findings of the study revealed that the degree of appreciation regarding the reality of creative leadership among public schools’ principals who serve at the Directorate of&nbsp;Education&nbsp;of the Southern&nbsp;Mazar Brigade recorded a high level. On the other hand, the (originality) field was ranked in the first place and it recorded a high degree. In addition, the (flexibility) field was ranked in the second place and it recorded a high degree. Moreover, the (fluency) field was ranked in the third place and it recorded a high degree as well. The findings have further reported that there were no statistically significant differences (α = 0.05) as per to the arithmetic averages of the participants’ responses in terms of the reality of creative leadership among the public schools’ principals who serve at the Directorate of&nbsp;Education&nbsp;of the Southern&nbsp;Mazar Brigade and that is due to the impact of the of gender and years of experience variables. It is worth mentioning that the current study has presented a set of recommendations, most notably of these recommendations include: the need for schools to adopt the concept of creative leadership due to its positive role in achieving the mission, vision, and educational goals of the Directorate of&nbsp;Education&nbsp;of the Southern&nbsp;Mazar Brigade, as well as its ability to motivate the directorate’s employees.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Creative leadership, public schools, principals.</p> Eman Al-Omari Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/761 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 The Possibility of Applying to School Principals at Irbid Governorate for Kaizen Strategy http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/782 <p>This study aimed to identify the possibility of applying to school principals at Irbid governorate for Kaizen Strategy. To achieve the study objectives, a descriptive survey method was used. The study community consists of all the approximately (24.432) teachers in Irbid province and (4.356) principals. The sample of the study consisted of (317) teachers and (62) principals at Irbid Governorate schools. They were chosen in a simple random way. The study tool is represented by a questionnaire consisting of (20) items distributed in three areas as follows: The first area is the general requirements of the Kaizen strategy, the second area is the requirements for applying the Kaizen strategy, the third area is the requirements of evaluating the Kaizen strategy. The results of the study found that the possibility of applying school principals at Irbid governorate for Kaizen Strategy in general was average with a mean of (3.36) The order of the areas was as follows: The first area is a general requirement for The Kaizen Strategy, which came in third and final place with a mean of( 3.29), The second area is the requirements for applying the Kaizen strategy, which came in first place with the highest average calculation of (3.50), The third area, the requirements for evaluating the Kaizen strategy, came in second place with a mean of (3.30). The results also revealed that there were statistically significant differences due to job title variable of with the statistical in favor of principals. Besides, the results show that there are no differences due to gender variable, and the academic qualification variable in favor of all fields, and years of experience variable.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: possibility of Applying, Kaizen Strategy, School principals.</p> Mariam Ababneh, Mohammad Ashour Copyright (c) 2024 Applied Scince Private University http://jjoas.asu.edu.jo/index.php/jjoas-h/article/view/782 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200