A pragmatic Contrastive Analysis of Apology Strategies in Jordanian Arabic and English Language
Awareness of language or language competency has greatly changed from the focus of language itself as form and structure to language use as pragmatics. Accordingly, different culture's structure discourse in different ways. Moreover, studies have shown that this holds for discourse genres traditionally considered as highly standardized in their rituals and formulas. As a complementary study to the previous studies, this study provides a contrastive analysis, from a pragmatic point of view, of apology strategies in Jordanian Arabic and English. Through, a twelve situations questionnaire, this research investigates apology strategies as they are used by Jordanian EFL postgraduate students at Al-Yarmouk University. Results showed that apology strategies in Jordanian Arabic vary from those in English. While some respondents were formal when apologizing; some others were not. Findings further revealed that religion influence the Jordanian interaction. This research will hopefully have implications for EFL pedagogy as well as cross-cultural and contrastive studies such as teachers should also train students to use apology expressions and strategies at schools.
Keywords: apology, pragmatics, politeness, strategies, contrastive analysis.